Chinese Mythology dates all the way back to 12th Century B.C. Most of the myths known today are about the creation and foundings of the Chinese Culture. Since most of the stories have been passed down orally from generation to generation, father to son to grandson, there are many different tellkings of the same myth. Because of this, the same myth could contain conpletely different magical and mythical creatures. Although this is true it is highly illogical to say that myths containing dragons could be said as sphinxes in later generations because, in the chinese culture, dragons are considered the most magestic, divine, and powerful creatures.
Long ago, in a large town in china, a man and his wife, Jangjang and Moye, were chosen to make two swords, one male and one female, for the king. The king was growing angrier and angrier by the day, because Moye and her husband had been working on the swords for three whole years. Gangjang knew that the king was going to kill him for taking so long, so he told Moye, “When, and if, our baby is a boy, tell him to gout of the house, look at the southern mountains, and search for the place where a pine tree is growing on a rock. Try to find one of the swords on its back.” When Gangjang left to take the king one of the swords, he put the male sword behind the pine tree growing on a rock, and headed off to what he knew was to be his demise.
When he arrived at the palace, the king had a thorough inspection on the sword, that way he would know if the sword was worth a three year wait. After this inspection, the king was told that the sword had a mate, which was not there. The king went into an uncontrollable rage, ordering the sword maker to be beheaded that very same day.
As the years passed, Moye’s son, which was named Chibi, grew older. One day, Chibi asked his mother where his dad was. Moye answered her son saying that his father was killed because he took too long making a sword. She also told her, one and only, son the riddle his father had left for him. Knowing the horrors that had inflicted his father, Chibi wanted to get revenge to help his father’s spirit rest. He went outside, faced towards the south, but did not find the mountains described in the riddle. Instead he found a stone statue, shaped in the form of pine tree, sitting on a plinth, (a stone based in which statues were set on.) He ran to the other side of this massive sculpture. There he found the male sword his father had talked about.
That night something very strange occurred. The king, which had killed Gangjang, had a dream. But this was no ordinary dream. He had a dream, a very real dream, showing him the events that would soon come to be. He saw Chibi coming to kill him. Scared and curiously angry, the king put out a reward stating that anyone who captured Chibi and brought him to the king, they would get one thousand taels gold. When Chibi heard the news of this, he went on the run, through the mountains.
One day, Chibi was singing sad songs when he met a man, from a nearby village. The Stranger asked him what was wrong. Chibi answered by telling this man about what happened to his father and why he was on the run. The man replied by saying, “The kings has put out a reward on your head that whoever brings in you they will receive a lot of taels. Tell you what, give me your head and that sword and will get your revenge for you.” Chibi obliged. He cut off his own head, but did not fall until the stranger said, “I will not you down.
It took a couple days of travel to get to the palace, but when the man who promised to kill the king got there, he showed the king the head of Chibi. The king was pleased. He said that since the head had come from a troublesome person, the only way to keep it from inflicting more trouble was to boil it. For four days Chibi’s head bobbed up and down in the cauldron, not being distorted at all. The stranger called the king over, saying that if the king looked at it the head would surely decompose. When the king came over and looked in the pot, the strange man swung the female sword high in the air and cut off the kings head, which fell in the boiling water with a splash. As an effect of this, the stranger cut off his own head, which also fell in the cauldron.
Only hours later, the heads had decomposed so that none of the heads were recognizable. The stew of these three people were split into thirds and buried. Now a day these three graves are known as “The Graves of Three Kings”. You can still find these graves in
Once, there were four dragons, named Long Dragon, Black Dragon, Pearl Dragon, and Yellow Dragon, who lived in the ocean near
While they were playing, the Pearl Dragon got the attention of the others, showing them how the Earth was dying because of a drought. As they looked down, the four best friends saw a woman and her child, praying to the gods to bring water for their crops because the corn and wheat were withered, along with the grass which had turned yellow. The dragons felt pity towards the woman and her child, so they decided to end their game and go to the Jade Emperor to beg for it to rain, so that the humans down on Earth would not starve.
When they arrived at the heavenly palace, the Jade Emperor was not pleased. He questioned the dragons about why they, the Pearl, Black, Yellow, and Long Dragons, were not in the ocean. Once the Pearl Dragon had told the Emperor about what they had seen down on Earth, they asked the Emperor to send down some rain to help their crops thrive. The Jade Emperor obliged. He told the four best friends that he would send down rain by tomorrow night.
The dragons, thinking that he would keep his word, went back to the ocean, to await the rain. But no rain came. For ten whole days the dragons waited… and waited… and waited. But by the beginning of the eleventh day, the dragons were convinced that the Jade Emperor would not do anything that would not personally affect him. So the four magical dragons put their heads together, and decided on a way to save the humans.
After only a little while of brainstorming, the dragons came to an agreement. Each dragon gathered as much water in their mouth, and flew over the Earth, letting the water from their mouths act like rain. Once their mouths were completely empty, they went back to the ocean, refilled their mouths, and flew back over the Earth. The humans rejoiced. Their prayers had been answered! The crops stood up right and the potatoes and tomatoes and other roots grew to unimaginable size.
But this did not last long. Soon the gods of the sea found out what the Long Dragon, the Black Dragon, the Pearl Dragon, and the Yellow Dragon were doing. The gods went straight to the Jade Emperor. They told him: “The Sea Dragons have gone against your wishes oh great Emperor! They have spread water across the great plain!” The Emperor, furious with the dragons, order them sent to him, at the heavenly palace. “Have you any remorse for what you have done?!” the Jade Emperor demanded. “The dragons answered in unison, “No, we do not. We are proud of what we have done because we helped save the innocent humans.”
Even angrier with the four dragons than before, the Jade Emperor ordered the mountain god to summon four of the largest mountain on the face of the Earth and place them on top of the dragons, so that it would be impossible for them to escape. So, as the Emperor commanded, the mountain god summoned the mountains, and placed them on top of the dragons. But this did not happen as the Emperor had planned, the dragons, with their own special magic, turned themselves into large rivers, which flowed through the heart of china, and emptied into the sea. These rivers are still known today as:
The Heilongjiang River in the North (which is the Black Dragon)
The Changjiang River in the South West (which is the Long Dragon)
The Huanghe River in the Center (which is the Yellow Dragon)
The Zhejiang River in the Far South (which is the Pearl Dragon).